The world is experiencing a significant amount of changes in farming techniques. The increase in the demand for production and the advancement of new machinery to change the methods for cultivation. The new technology provides a sustainable and quicker medium for the production of the food. The lives of farmers have been benefited by the new techniques and have established better workstyle for them.
Modern farming methods
It has been a revolutionary decade for agriculture, and the farmers have experienced several changes in the process and methods of farming. Due to the decline in the fertility of limited lands, the investments were made for the research of better methods to improve agriculture quality. The agriculture sector has been brought back to attention with new styles and machines for production. The modernization in agriculture is the key to the sustained production of food, and it needs to be updated according to the demand of quality and quantity. The land mass for agriculture is constantly depleting, which harms the quality of production, and hence modern farming methods are necessary.
Processes of modern agricultural methods
There are two major aims of modern agriculture. One is to have a high yield of the farm produce. Second is to generate good profit over the farm products. Systematic and consistent efforts are required to achieve these aims. There are six methods which are implemented for reaching these two aims, namely, Monoculture, Irrigation, Intense Tillage, Inorganic Fertilizers, Chemical Pest Control, and Genetic manipulation of plants for refined production. Although all of these methods are necessary, their use also depends upon the type of corp and the type of land used for agriculture in addition to the cost of production.
It is the best type of farming method which produces a good quality production. This is because the land is used only for a single type of crop. It makes the cultivation of land easier because the techniques used for the crop is of the same kind. Even weeding is easier as the plants that are grown are specific. Harvesting and storage are also easier as the entire production can be stored without the fear of mixing of two crops.
Every land for cultivation requires a running water supply if at all it is used for agriculture. There are several strategies which are used for the irrigation of land, like the construction of dams and borewells. Rivers diversions are the most common sources. Nowadays, sprinklers, dripping systems, and use of pumps have come to existence for a more efficient way of water application.
Genetic manipulation of plants
Modern agriculture has animal and crop breeding methods with the use of hybrid seeds, which are made by the use of two different crops to produce a better offspring. It is done by the method of genetic engineering. This helps in deducting the traits in the crops and amplify its benefits. One such example is Brocolli.