Sustainable agriculture is a necessity considering the depletion of resources and land mass due to industrialization and climate change. The problems faced by the farmers need to be addressed to find a convenient solution which benefits the production of crops. Also, the technologies need to be made affordable for farmers to produce the best crops through affordable means. There are private and government organizations which are working to provide better services to farmers and aware them of the advancements in agriculture.
Proper planning is necessary for achieving good results. Farmers need to be provided with technical assistance, monitorization of the production, and knowledge about the crop and new methods. The organizations working for this cause should be able to help the farmers and provide them with necessary means for agricultural growth.
Problems faced by sustainable agriculture
The effects of climate change are already visible, and proper measure needs to be taken to slow down the drastic decline in climate health. This can be done by reducing the emission of greenhouse gases by controlling emissions from agricultural production- from cows and other animals, from fertilizers, from rice production, etc.
The population of the world is growing at a rapid rate, and in exchange, the fertility rates have fallen in the past decade. Africa has made health and education a priority for all too aware them of the population challenge and the demand for food.
Deforestation is another major cause face of agriculture. Trees have been cut down to increase the area for industrialization. It is causing the depletion of fertility for the land. The reports of landslides in hilly regions have become common more recently.
Switching of crops
There is a need for switching of crops based on the condition of the agricultural region. There are barren lands which are not useful anymore due to lack of knowledge regarding the type of soil. Smart measures can be taken to study to soil and fit a proper type of crop that can be cultivated. The right assistance and management can provide better opportunities for small farmers to be more productive.
Investment on research
The food and agriculture organization has estimated 45-50 billion dollars is required annually for the research in agriculture. It is an important investment which will help in the programming of agriculture for future purpose.
Encouraging small scale farmers
Small scale farmers need to be encouraged to stick to agriculture. Due to a loss in the production and unavailability of the market to these farmers, they are opting out of their role. They need to be provided with more confidence and resources for preserving their experience and use it with new ideas.